Vertigo: Types, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment

types of vertigo

It’s typically described by patients as a spinning sensation, with the room or objects around them seeming to move. People with peripheral vertigo may benefit from various head, eye, and balance exercises that aim to ease vertigo symptoms and improve proprioception and balance. Inflammation of the vestibulocochlear nerve can cause sudden, severe vertigo accompanied by nausea or vomiting and unsteadiness. Because the cochlear nerve is affected, there may also be hearing loss.

Doctors aren’t sure what causes it, though stress can be a trigger, along with eating salt or drinking caffeine and alcohol. Labyrinthitis is often secondary to another infection, such as otitis media or meningitis. Therefore early diagnosis and effective management of these should prevent the development of labyrinthitis or at least minimize the risk of long-term complications. It is also key that populations are up to date with their vaccinations to reduce the risk of contracting measles, mumps, or rubella.

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Vertigo is a symptom of lots of health conditions rather than a disease itself, but it can occur along with other symptoms. If your peripheral vertigo is caused by an inner ear infection or a disease, you may have some pain or a feeling of fullness in your ear. In the cases of BPPV, it is best to explain that it is a non-life-threatening condition. Its favorable prognosis reassures patients that it is not a severe condition. Patients should also be warned that recurrences are very common even after successful management with repositioning maneuvers so that further treatment may be necessary.

types of vertigo

Vertigo can interfere with your quality of life and hinder your ability to do the things you want. No matter which type of vertigo you experience, your healthcare provider can help you identify the root cause and determine personalized treatment based on your needs. The diagnosis of vertigo involves a detailed review of your medical history accompanied by super fast reply a physical exam. Depending on your healthcare provider’s suspicion, imaging studies and lab tests may be ordered. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy usually involves a range of exercises to improve common vertigo symptoms like dizziness, unstable vision and balance issues. A healthcare provider will tailor your treatment according to your unique needs.

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These specific head maneuvers can help displace canalith crystals (small particles that can cause vertigo) from the canals of the inner ear. The canalith repositioning maneuver, also known as the Epley maneuver, is used to relieve symptoms get redirected here of BPPV. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause and your symptoms. Dizziness is one of the more common reasons adults visit their doctors. Frequent dizzy spells or constant dizziness can significantly affect your life.

Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo can be bothersome, it’s rarely serious, except when it increases the chance of falling. Dizziness can increase your risk of falling and injuring yourself. Experiencing dizziness lowest price while driving a car or operating heavy machinery can increase the likelihood of an accident. You may also experience long-term consequences if an existing health condition that may be causing your dizziness goes untreated.

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But other symptoms — like headaches, weakness, or trouble swallowing — are common with central vertigo. Medications may be useful to suppress vestibular symptoms in acute episodes that may last a few hours to days. The most common medications used for symptomatic relief include antihistamines, benzodiazepines, and antiemetics.

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