Type 2 Diabetes

how to treat type 2 diabetes

Your treatment plan will be unique to you and should take into consideration your age, weight, lifestyle, health history, culture, and economics. The number of times you should check your blood sugar depends on your glycemic control and medication regimen. If you take medications such as insulin, you are at increased risk of developing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and may need to check your numbers more frequently.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both disorders in glucose metabolism. However, their clinical presentation and progression are different. It’s important to differentiate between the two conditions since treatment plans differ. The long-term outlook for people with type 2 varies, depending on how effectively they manage the condition. At age 50, the average life expectancy (LE) for those with type 2 is 6 years shorter than those without the condition.

Insulin resistance can be temporary, but it can also last. There’s no test to detect insulin resistance, this page so it can be hard to diagnose. The list of medications for type 2 diabetes is long and can be confusing.

Normally, after a person eats carbohydrate-rich food a piece of bread, for instance the body extracts nutrients from it, including glucose. The glucose enters the bloodstream, where it’s circulated to cells all around the body. To help the glucose enter the cells, the body uses insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Food, exercise, and medication work together to bring your blood sugar under control. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes lifestyle changes, eating a nutritious diet, exercise, weight loss (when indicated), adequate sleep, and stress reduction. You can be prescribed oral, insulin, or non-insulin injectable blog medications to control blood sugar. Medications should always be used in conjunction with lifestyle changes, including changes to diet and exercise. Eventually, insulin resistance causes glucose to build up in your blood.

how to treat type 2 diabetes

About 38 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are here also developing it. If you decide to try any type of alternative therapy, don’t stop taking the drugs that your provider has prescribed. Be sure to discuss the use of any of these therapies with your provider.

These include skipping a meal and getting more physical activity than normal. Low blood sugar also occurs if you take too much insulin or too much of a glucose-lowering medication that causes the pancreas to hold insulin. Depending on your treatment plan, you may check and record your blood sugar as many as four times a day or more often if you’re taking insulin. Careful blood sugar testing is the only way to make sure that your blood sugar level remains within your target range.

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