TMJ Disorders Symptoms And Causes

what does tmj stand for

They are also known as nightguards, splints, stabilization appliances, occlusal splints, interocclusal splints, or bruxism splints. If these steps do not help, or if in the process of trying them your doctor/dentist diagnoses you could try this out a specific type of TMD, one or more of the following treatments may be recommended. Because many jaw joint and muscle problems are temporary and do not get worse, simple treatment may be all that is necessary.

what does tmj stand for

For people with TMJ-related muscle spasms of the lower jaw, a muscle relaxant may be prescribed. For chronic TMJ pain, a tricyclic antidepressant, such as Elavil (amitriptyline) or Pamelor (nortriptyline) look at this may be prescribed. Certain people are more prone to developing a TMJ disorder. For instance, TMJ disorders are more common in women and in Caucasians than in African-Americans.

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The pain of TMJ disorder is often described as a dull ache that spreads from the TMJ to the temple, lower jaw, and back of the neck. The pain is worsened by chewing or moving the jaw. Tenderness around the TMJ, headache, and neck stiffness are also common. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located in front of each of your ears, joining your lower jaw to your skull.

It’s a sliding hinge that lets your jaw move up and down, side to side, and back to front. In addition to the bones and muscles, there’s also a small piece of cartilage (firm additional reading tissue) that acts like a shock absorber and protects your bones from wear and tear. It is FDA-approved for some medical conditions (like migraines) but not for TMDs.

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TMJ disorders are a broad category, and the term includes many possible causes. As such, there are a variety of treatment options available. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for TMJ disorders is essential for patients and doctors alike.

When the mandible and the joints are properly aligned, smooth muscle actions, such as chewing, talking, yawning, and swallowing, can take place. When these structures (muscles, ligaments, disk, jaw bone,  temporal bone) are not aligned, nor synchronized in movement, several problems may occur. The abbreviation TMJ has also been used to refer to a group of health conditions related to your jaw. However, this is becoming more commonly abbreviated as TMD or TMJD to distinguish the temporomandibular joint itself from TMJ disorders. Your doctor or dentist could also suggest TMJ arthroscopy to diagnose a TMJ disorder. This surgery involves inserting a small thin tube (cannula) and then a camera (arthroscope) near your jaw joint to get a closer look at the area and make a diagnosis.

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