Prostate Cancer Treatment Surgery, Radiation, & Chemotherapy American Cancer Society

prostate cancer treatment

Others can be used to treat those who have received previous treatments, including radical prostatectomy (surgery) or radiation therapy. Keeping an eye on the cancer until page it grows bigger is sometimes enough. When cancer is localized only to the prostate, surgery to remove the prostate, or a radical prostatectomy, could be your best option.

This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryosurgery is under clinical evaluation. they said The steroidal antiandrogen, megestrol acetate, suppresses androgen production incompletely and is generally not used as initial therapy.

prostate cancer treatment

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During active surveillance, the cancer is closely monitored for signs that it is worsening. You may be more inclined to consider active surveillance or observation (watchful waiting), and less likely to lean toward treatments such as radiation and surgery, which may cause bothersome side effects. Of course, age alone is not the most important factor my sources when making your choice. Many older men are still in good mental and physical shape, while some younger men may not be as healthy. The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the prostate or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease.

Prostate cancer treatments may seriously affect a person’s quality of life. These treatments can cause side effects, such as erectile dysfunction, which is the inability to get and maintain an erection of the penis, and incontinence, which is when urine flow or bowel function cannot be controlled. In addition, many prostate cancers grow slowly and cause no symptoms or problems. For this reason, many people may consider delaying cancer treatment rather than starting treatment right away.

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These prostate cancers are very unlikely to grow and spread, even if they aren’t treated. For men whose cancers are in this group, active surveillance is typically recommended. If the cancer starts to show signs of growing at some point, treatments such as surgery or radiation can then be considered. Focal therapies are less-invasive treatments that destroy small prostate tumors without treating the rest of the prostate gland.

Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. A doctor who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat cancer is called a radiation oncologist. A radiation therapy regimen, or schedule, usually consists of a specific number of treatments given over a set period of time. Surgery involves the removal of the prostate and some surrounding lymph nodes during an operation. A surgical oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer using surgery.

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