Prostate Cancer Treatment: How To Choose What’s Best For You

treatments for prostate cancer

Comprehensive information for people with cancer, families, and caregivers, from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the voice of the world’s oncology professionals. It offers more information about research studies that reference are focused on finding better ways to care for people with cancer. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide. If the cancer cannot be cured or controlled, the disease may be called advanced or terminal.

There are also clinical trials that test new ways to stop cancer from recurring (coming back) or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment. Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). Drugs that you take by mouth or through an IV travel through your body, attacking and killing cancer cells and shrinking tumors.

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Learn more about getting a second opinion before starting treatment, so you are comfortable with your chosen treatment plan. In patients with prostate cancer that has spread to the bone, there is always some risk of bone problems, such as fracture, pain, and spinal cord compression. Specifically, denosumab or zoledronic acid can be given once per month to reduce that risk. Bone health is an important issue in the lives of people with prostate cancer. Osteopenia and osteoporosis are bone conditions that can be caused or worsened by hormonal therapy. Patients receiving ADT for non-metastatic prostate cancer should be evaluated for risk of fractures.

You should also talk about the possible side effects of the specific treatment plan and palliative care options. Many patients also benefit from talking with a social worker and participating in support groups. Targeted therapy is a treatment that targets the cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. This type of treatment blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells and limits damage to healthy cells. Another serious side effect of these treatments is the risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a set of conditions, such as obesity, high levels of blood cholesterol, and high blood pressure, that increases a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

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Your health care team will work with you to manage or prevent many of these side effects. Another consideration is the development in recent years of focal therapies, which are treatments aimed only at the area of the prostate containing the tumor. This is unlike surgery and most forms of radiation therapy, this content which affect the whole prostate. They might be additional options for some men who aren’t comfortable with active surveillance but who are concerned about possible side effects from surgery or radiation. A cancer treatment that uses a drug and a certain type of laser light to kill cancer cells.

treatments for prostate cancer

The tissue samples removed during the biopsy are used to find out the Gleason score. The Gleason score ranges from 2 to 10 and describes how different the cancer cells look from normal additional reading cells under a microscope and how likely it is that the tumor will spread. The lower the number, the more cancer cells look like normal cells and are likely to grow and spread slowly.

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