Migraine: What It Is, Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

what is migraine

An estimated one billion people worldwide, and 39 million Americans, have migraine. It occurs most often among people ages 20 to 50, and it’s about 3 times more common in women than men, according to an article published in January 2022 in JAMA. Current thinking is that a migraine likely starts click this link now when overactive nerve cells send out signals that trigger your trigeminal nerve, which gives sensation to your head and face. This cues your body to release chemicals like serotonin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). CGRP makes blood vessels in the lining of your brain swell.

It is not just a headache, it is a genetic neurologic disease. Next, talk to your healthcare professional about your symptoms. Eradicate the words “I’m fine” from your vocabulary and be honest with your healthcare professional, your employer, your loved ones, about how you’re feeling as well as the kind of support that you need. Make yourself a top pop over to these guys priority when you’re having a migraine attack and reduce the likelihood of attacks through lifestyle adjustments. Have a consistent schedule, get adequate sleep, and learn strategies to cope with the stresses of life using mindfulness and meditation. Empower yourself to manage migraine with lifestyle changes and migraine specific treatment options.

They may suggest more effective prescription medications. Your healthcare provider can help you identify your triggers. They might recommend keeping a migraine journal to track similarities between migraine attacks. Acute, or abortive, treatments for migraine include over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers and several classes of prescription medications. In addition, antinausea medications can help relieve symptoms for those who experience nausea and vomiting with migraine.

what is migraine

So might imbalances in brain chemicals including serotonin, which helps regulate pain in your nervous system. Children who have abdominal migraine are likely to develop more typical migraine symptoms as adults. Many people living with migraine have more than one type of migraine. Tyramine also increases when foods are fermented or aged. These include foods like some aged cheeses, sauerkraut, and soy sauce. But ongoing research is looking more closely at the role of tyramine in migraines, as it may not be as big of a trigger as previously thought.

If headaches are getting in the way of your daily life, and you’re not sure if they are a migraine symptom, it’s important to talk with your doctor. Headaches can be a sign of other issues, and while migraine can feel debilitating at times, there are many treatments available. Migraine is a neurological condition that typically causes painful headache attacks that occur image source with additional symptoms, such as sensitivity to light, sound, smell, or touch. Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) and vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, have been linked to migraine attacks. Research has found that serotonin levels drop during migraine attacks, causing the trigeminal system to release substances called neuropeptides, which cause headache pain.

When food isn’t consumed at regular intervals, blood sugar levels can drop too low, potentially leading to a migraine attack or a headache that is not migraine-related. Getting Enough Sleep Both too much and too little sleep can trigger a migraine attack, so it helps to do what you can to keep your sleep consistent every night of the week. When medications aren’t providing adequate migraine relief, it may be worth trying a nerve stimulation device. These devices, of which there are several types, reduce pain or help prevent migraine episodes by delivering electrical or magnetic pulses to selected nerves.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top