Kidney Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, And Prevention


Your kidneys reside between your intestines and diaphragm. Some causes are acquired over the course of life, such as diabetic nephropathy whereas others are congenital, such as polycystic kidney disease. Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist.

In these states, proteins and enzymes break down and can no longer function. The main role of the learn more heres is maintaining homeostasis. They manage fluid levels, electrolyte balance, and other factors that keep the internal environment of the body consistent and comfortable. In this article, we look at the structure and function of the kidneys, the diseases that affect them, and how to keep them healthy.

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There are no early warning signs for chronic kidney disease, so if you’re at risk for CKD, do your best to regularly see your doctor, who can give you the blood and urine tests that screen for it. If kidney disease advances, you may require dialysis or a kidney transplant. Regular heavy drinking can increase your chances of developing chronic kidney disease. Even drinking two alcoholic drinks a day can increase your risk of high blood pressure, a common cause of kidney disease. Drinking alcohol can also disrupt hormones that help your kidneys function.


Renin is an enzyme which regulates angiotensin and aldosterone levels. The kidney participates in whole-body homeostasis, regulating acid base balance, electrolyte concentrations, extracellular fluid volume, and blood pressure. The kidney accomplishes these homeostatic functions both independently and in concert with other organs, particularly those of the endocrine system.

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Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body. Most people have two kidneys, organs that sit in the back of your abdomen. Your kidneys’ primary function is to filter your blood.

The renal cortex also creates the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which helps make red blood cells in your bone marrow. The references receive blood from the renal arteries, left and right, which branch directly from the abdominal aorta. The interlobar arteries then supply blood to the arcuate arteries that run through the boundary of the cortex and the medulla. Each arcuate artery supplies several interlobular arteries that feed into the afferent arterioles that supply the glomeruli. As the filtered fluid moves along the tubule, the blood vessel reabsorbs almost all of the water, along with minerals and nutrients your body needs. The remaining fluid and wastes in the tubule become urine.

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Other methods include classical surgical removal of the stone, either through the ureter or by open surgery. Each get the facts is supplied by a single renal artery, which is a direct lateral branch of the abdominal aorta. Both renal arteries, left and right, arise just below the superior mesenteric artery, with the left renal artery positioned slightly superiorly to the right one. The left artery has a short way to the left kidney, whereas the right has to go behind the inferior vena cava in order to reach the right kidney.

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