Hypothyroidism In Women: Symptoms And Treatment

hypothyroid menstrual

Julia Walker, RN, BSN, is a clinical nurse specializing in helping patients with thyroid disorders. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Regis University in Denver and a Bachelor of Arts in the History of Medicine from the University of Colorado-Boulder. She believes managing chronic illnesses requires a balance of medical interventions and lifestyle adjustments.

hypothyroid menstrual

Learn how to tell what’s behind your symptoms and how to get treatment… Managing hypothyroidism well means taking your thyroid hormone as prescribed. But some habits, such as taking your meds with meals or adding supplements… If you have hypothyroidism, you may have been told to avoid my sources cruciferous vegetables because they can interfere with thyroid function. Your primary care doctor will likely be able to treat your hypothyroidism most of the time. Everyday Health follows strict sourcing guidelines to ensure the accuracy of its content, outlined in our editorial policy.

Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Your thyroid produces thyroid hormone, which controls many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. Diseases of the thyroid cause it to make either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight. Women are more likely than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after menopause.

If you have an autoimmune disease, like type 1 diabetes, your risk is higher. Hyperthyroidism raises your risk for osteoporosis, a condition that causes weak bones that break easily. In fact, hyperthyroidism might affect your bones before you have any of the other symptoms of the condition. This is especially true of women who have gone through menopause or who are already at high risk of osteoporosis. The most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States is Hashimoto’s disease. In people with Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid.

Without these key nutrients, your thyroid’s ability to function can be severely compromised. However, according to the National Institutes of Health menstrual irregularities occur in about 14% to 25% of women of childbearing age[i]. Your reference doctor will do tests to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease. The thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. Hypothyroidism and menopause both can cause issues like weight gain and fatigue.

Her background includes caring for patients in women’s health, critical care, pediatrics, allergy, and immunology. If you have hypothyroidism, your doctor will check your TSH levels regularly and work with you to ensure you are taking the right amount of medication. Finding the right replacement dose can take time in some women, and the requirements for thyroid hormone can change you can try here with diet, age, pregnancy, and weight gain, says Spencer. Subclinical hypothyroidism doesn’t usually disturb periods, but it can still lead to some irregular bleeding and complications in pregnancy, says Spencer. Eventually, without treatment, subclinical hypothyroidism may lead to overt hypothyroidism, causing more menstrual abnormalities and medical problems, she says.

In many cases, management of thyroid condition could also help tackle or eliminate problems with the menstrual cycle. Thyroid conditions can contribute to the failure to ovulate with resulting progesterone deficiency. Both hypo- and hyperthyroidism can affect pituitary hormones (LH, FSH, and prolactin). Ajmani et al. carried out a study on the role of thyroid dysfunction in patients with menstrual disorders. Throughout this article, we are going to focus on thyroid health and its impact on the menstrual cycle.

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