Headache: What It Is, Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

different types of headache

A disorder of your central nervous system might be suspected in the development of serious headaches. Ice pick headaches can be challenging to treat because they last a short duration. Most ice pick headaches are over before you can do much about them. They’re also more common with medications that contain caffeine. People who menstruate may experience headaches that are linked to hormonal fluctuations.

They’re not a symptom of or caused by an underlying medical condition. Some people may have genes that make them more likely to develop primary headaches. The only treatment for medication overuse headaches is to wean yourself off the medication you’ve been taking to manage pain. Although over here the pain may initially worsen, it should completely subside within a few days. Anyone with new or more frequent headaches should contact a healthcare professional. For someone with a medication overuse headache, the pain is typically dull and constant, occurring on most days.

Primary headaches occur when the pain in your head is the condition. In other words, your headache isn’t triggered by something your body is dealing with, like image source illness or allergies. The sinuses are a network of air-filled cavities in the skull. The main sinuses sit inside the forehead, cheekbones, and nasal cavity.

different types of headache

Exertion headaches happen quickly after periods of intense physical activity. Weightlifting, running, and sexual intercourse are all common triggers for an exertion headache. It’s thought that these activities cause increased blood flow to your skull, leading to a throbbing headache on both sides of your head. Cluster headaches typically involve recurrent, boring, burning, or piercing pain, typically behind or around one eye. The pain tends to be severe and may last between 20 minutes and 2 hours. Cluster headaches are a less common type of primary headache, affecting fewer than 1 in 1,000 adults, as the WHO reports.

A headache is a pain in your head or face that’s often described as a pressure that’s throbbing, constant, sharp or dull. Headaches can differ greatly in regard look at this to pain type, severity, location and frequency. If OTC pain relievers don’t reduce migraine pain during an attack, a doctor might prescribe triptans.

However, it often runs in families and is more common in people with certain preexisting conditions, such as depression and epilepsy. For example, surgery is often needed to correct the underlying cause of secondary cough headache. A CT scan or MRI can help determine if your headaches are connected to an issue with your central nervous system. Both of these tests produce cross-sectional images of your brain that can show any abnormal areas or problems. If they’re unsure of the cause, they may refer you to a headache specialist. Neurological tests focus on ruling out diseases that might also cause headaches.

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