Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Symptoms And Causes

fatty liver symptoms

A liver biopsy is the only way for doctors to diagnose NASH. Usually, healthcare providers discover fatty liver disease due to abnormal liver enzyme tests done for unrelated reasons. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes of liver disease in the United States. It’s a condition in which excess fat is stored in the liver. Over time, conditions that damage the liver can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis.

For example, various medications and diseases can cause steatosis. Sometimes, healthcare providers can’t identify a specific cause. When left untreated, fatty look at more info liver disease can progress to inflammation, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. If you develop cirrhosis, it also increases your risk of liver cancer and liver failure.

fatty liver symptoms

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They’re often due to blocked blood flow through the portal vein. The portal vein carries blood from the intestine, pancreas and spleen to the liver. Experts don’t know exactly why fat builds they said up in some livers and not others. They also don’t fully understand why some fatty livers turn into NASH. It sits mainly in the upper right portion of the stomach area, above the stomach.

Fortunately, you can reduce or even reverse liver damage by making lifestyle changes, like eating better, getting exercise, and laying off the liquor. Some people with NAFLD can get nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, also called NASH. NASH is a serious form of fatty sell liver disease that causes the liver to swell and become damaged due to the fat deposits in the liver. NASH may get worse and may lead to serious liver scarring, called cirrhosis, and even liver cancer. This damage is like the damage caused by heavy alcohol use.

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Cirrhosis can lead to liver failure, a life-threatening condition. Without treatment, a steatotic liver can progress to cirrhosis of the liver, which can lead to liver failure, liver cancer and cancers outside your liver. People with MASLD are also at increased risk of heart disease.

Compared with a healthy liver (top), a fatty liver (bottom) appears bigger and discolored. Tissue samples show extra fat in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, while inflammation and advanced scarring are seen in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Doctors recommend weight loss for nonalcoholic fatty liver. Weight loss can reduce fat in the liver, inflammation, and fibrosis. If your doctor thinks that a certain medicine is the cause of your NAFLD, you should stop taking that medicine.

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