When To Start Screenings For Osteoporosis

bone density test age

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle, which increases the risk of fractures (broken bones). It is important to recognize that you may be diagnosed with osteoporosis when the T-score is better than -2.5, as when you have already had a broken bone or FRAX shows that your risk is high. Also, when the T-score is 2-5 or below, you could have disease other than osteoporosis, such as osteomalacia or multiple myeloma. Your healthcare provider can evaluate you to be sure the diagnosis is correct or refer you to someone who can. Certain medical conditions can threaten bone strength directly or via the effects of medicines and other treatments. These include overactive thyroid or parathyroid glands, chronic lung disease, cancer, endometriosis, a vitamin D deficiency and medications such as prednisone.

The most common bone mineral density test is a central dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA). DXA uses radiation to measure how much calcium and other minerals are in a specific area of your bone. Because the weak bones that tend to break most often are the hip and spine, DXA usually measures bone mineral density in these bones. If you have osteopenia or osteoporosis, your doctor will recommend prevention steps (outlined above) to help slow down additional bone loss and reduce fracture risk.

QCT is not as widely used as DXA due to limited availability, higher radiation dose, and being less practical to monitor treatment for most patients. The risk for osteoporosis and osteopenia low bone density that’s such a good point not yet in the osteoporosis range is higher in women because female bones typically are smaller and less dense than male bones. The risk increases at menopause, when levels of bone-bolstering estrogen fall.

bone density test age

Even if testingreveals your bone health is good, this test can be a baseline measurement forfuture testing. But if you have clinical risk factors for bone loss so that would be low body weight, smoking, family history or a previous fracture it really should be at menopause. Many women enter menopause with low bone mass already, and there’s a subset of women that can lose up to 5 percent of reference their bone mass every year for six years. The results from these types of tests are not comparable to central DXA measurement and therefore difficult to interpret for diagnostic purposes and thus additional testing is often required. These types of tests serve mostly as screening tests to help identify people who are likely to benefit from further bone density testing at the hip and/or spine.

She is board-certified in internal medicine and in endocrinology and sees patients in the Metabolic Bone Diseases Unit at Columbia University Irving Medical Center. Bones, like many things in life, start to deteriorate in middle age. You might be able to wear your regular clothes during the test, or you may have to change into a hospital gown.

(Diminished hearing increases the risk for falls and balance problems.) Keep floors and stairs clear of obstacles that could trip you. Ask about a referral to a physical therapist for safe muscle-building exercises or advice from your doctor about exercises that are right for you. Ask about exercises that can help you maintain healthy posture, which may reduce the risk for a spine fracture. If your click here for info doctor has recommended that you use a walker or cane after an osteoporotic fracture, do so it will help your balance and allow you to stay more active. If you feel drowsy or dizzy, ask your doctor if this could be a side effect of other medications you may be taking, and ask what you can do about it. BCT is an advanced technology that uses data from a CT scan to measure bone mineral density.

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