Osteoporosis T-Score: Do I Have A Normal Bone Density?

normal bone density for 70 year-old woman

This score could mean that you have osteoporosis caused by medications or other diseases and conditions. A bone mineral density (BMD) test measures calcium and other minerals in bone. Bones containing more minerals are denser, so they tend to be stronger and less likely to break.

Bone density scores can tell a doctor whether a person has osteopenia or osteoporosis or is at risk of developing either condition. Prevent falls by keeping your eyeglass prescription up-to-date and by getting help for hearing loss. (Diminished hearing increases the risk for falls and balance problems.) Keep floors and stairs clear of obstacles that could trip you. Ask about a referral to a physical therapist for safe muscle-building exercises or advice from your doctor about exercises that are right for you. Ask about exercises that can help you maintain healthy posture, which may reduce the risk for a spine fracture. If your doctor has recommended that you use a walker or cane after an osteoporotic fracture, do so it will help your balance and allow you to stay more active.

normal bone density for 70 year-old woman

After age 50, bone breakdown (resorption) outpaces bone formation and bone loss often accelerates, particularly at the time of menopause. Depending on where on the scale of medium risk you fall, your doctor click this link now might prescribe a medication that can help to prevent further bone loss and therefore prevent osteoporosis. The two separate absorptions allow doctors to get a better picture of the structure of the bone.

They will refer you to a radiologist and orthopedic doctor who can determine your risk, decide if you need the test, and if so, book an appointment for you. Women and people over the age of 50 are the most at risk for osteoporosis. To better understand the current health of your bones, you should multiply your T-score by 10 percent (as shown in the bone density results chart below). This will give you a rough estimate of how much bone density has already been lost. If you are a premenopausal woman or a man younger than age 50, your bone mineral density test result will be a Z-score. A T-score is the difference between your bone mineral density and 0, which is the bone mineral density of a healthy young adult.

One of the numbers is called a T-score, which tells whether your bone density is low enough to be considered osteoporosis. T-scores between -1 and -2.5 indicate that a person has low bone mass, but it’s not quite low enough for them to be diagnosed with osteoporosis. A diagnosis of osteoporosis is made if a person’s T-score is -2.5 or lower. According to the US Preventative Services Task Force, DEXA screening is recommended for all men over the age of 70 and all women over the age of 65. Bone density should also be measured in women between the ages of 50 and 65 who are considered high risk for osteoporosis. In addition to obtaining your initial DEXA scan results, repeating the scan every two to five years is recommended, depending on your risk factors.

She has been educated in both psychology and journalism, and her dual education has given her the get redirected here research and writing skills needed to deliver sound and engaging content in the health space.

Please note the date published or last update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. University Health News content is medically reviewed or checked to ensure that it is as accurate as possible. If you feel get the facts that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please contact us through the feedback form on this page. Bone density scans are painless and quick, and they require little preparation. Join our community to learn more about osteoporosis, or connect with others near you who are suffering from the disease.

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