Bone Density Scan: MedlinePlus Medical Test

bone density screening

You will be asked to fill out a questionnaire that asks about your current health, your family history of broken bones, smoking history, and current medications. A bone density test, such as a DEXA scan, measures how much calcium and minerals are in your bones. This information helps your provider determine if you are at is at risk for fractures. Also, when the navigate here T-score is 2-5 or below, you could have disease other than osteoporosis, such as osteomalacia or multiple myeloma. Your healthcare provider can evaluate you to be sure the diagnosis is correct or refer you to someone who can. A bone density scan, also known as a DEXA scan, is a type of low-dose x-ray test that measures calcium and other minerals in your bones.

If your Z-score is significantly higher or lower than the average, you may need additional tests to determine the cause of the problem. Your bone density indicates you likely have osteoporosis. Be sure to tell your doctor beforehand if you’ve try this recently had a barium exam or had contrast material injected for a CT scan or nuclear medicine test. Contrast materials might interfere with your bone density test. If you have a health condition or a disability, be as active as you can.

bone density screening

This score uses your age, sex, medical history, country, and other factors. This information, along with your bone mineral density test results, can help health care providers understand your risk for fracture and can guide treatment. For people with osteoporosis or osteopenia, the FRAX score can predict the chances of a major fracture in the next 10 years. The FRAX score can also screen women in postmenopause younger than age 65 for osteoporosis risk. A DEXA scan is the most common way to measure bone density.

You won’t feel any pain or have any side effects from a bone density test. You probably won’t have to change your usual routine before having a bone density test. This information on bone density and osteoporosis was adapted from materials from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS). It doesn’t matter how old you are it’s never too late to improve your bone health.

Osteoporosis results when you to lose bone faster than your body can create new bone tissue. In the results, you get a T-score additional reading based on how your bones compare to healthy bones. These results determine when you will need another bone density test.

Bones containing more minerals are denser, so they tend to be stronger and less likely to break. Estrogen, especially when started soon after menopause, can help maintain bone density. However, estrogen therapy can increase the risk of breast cancer and blood clots, which can cause strokes. Therefore, estrogen is typically used for bone health in younger women or in women whose menopausal symptoms also require treatment.

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